Present Simple

VERB (all persons except 3rd person sg)

VERB + -s/ -es (3rd person singular)

Use the Present Simple Tense to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. Use it to talk about a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens.


  • You like English./ He likes English
  • Do you like English?/ Does he like English?
  • You do not like English./ He doesn’t like English.
  • The train leaves every morning at 6 AM.
  • The train does not leave at 9 AM.
  • When does the train usually leave?
  • She always forgets to do her homework.
  • The Earth circles the Sun.
  • Does the Sun circle the Earth?

The Present Simple can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things.


We typically use  adverbs such as: always, usually, sometimes, often, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.


  • Once a week, Tom washes his father’s car. Active
  • Once a week, the car is washed by Tom. Passive

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